Which Sentence Has Proper Subject-Verb Agreement

Subject-verb agreement is an essential element of proper sentence structure. It is a grammatical rule that states that the subject and verb in a sentence must agree in number. This means that a singular subject should take a singular verb, while a plural subject should take a plural verb. Failure to adhere to this rule can result in grammatical errors that can mar the clarity and effectiveness of your writing.

To determine which sentence has proper subject-verb agreement, we must first understand the basic rules of subject-verb agreement. Here are some guidelines to follow:

1. Singular subjects take singular verbs: For example, “The cat purrs loudly.”

2. Plural subjects take plural verbs: For example, “The cats purr loudly.”

3. Compound subjects take plural verbs: For example, “The cat and the dog play together.”

4. Collective nouns can take either singular or plural verbs depending on the context: For example, “The team is playing well” (singular) vs. “The team are all wearing their lucky socks” (plural).

With these guidelines in mind, let`s take a look at two sample sentences and determine which one has proper subject-verb agreement:

1. The group of students were discussing their project.

2. The group of students was discussing their project.

In this case, the second sentence has proper subject-verb agreement. Although “group” is a collective noun, it is singular in this context, so it should take a singular verb (“was”). The first sentence uses a plural verb (“were”), which does not agree with the singular subject and is therefore incorrect.

In conclusion, proper subject-verb agreement is crucial for clear and effective writing. By following the guidelines outlined above, you can ensure that your sentences are grammatically correct and convey your intended meaning accurately. Always double-check your work for subject-verb agreement errors and make corrections as needed, and your writing will be sure to shine.